How do we read the biblical narratives (and counter-narratives) when we can see that there are so many stories and lives not recorded? In this episode, we read around and behind the text to see more of the world and characters inside it: from the ambiguity of the once-outlaw King David, to the early church leaders and teachers Phoebe, Priscilla, and Junia.

I really enjoyed reflecting on these passages this week. Sometimes the text raises more questions than it answers; and sometimes it makes us ask ourselves questions that are uncomfortable for us to answer. When we accept the challenge, and allow scripture to confront us and change us - well, that's the work of holy spirit.

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Campbell, Antony F. (2005). 2 Samuel, The Forms Of The Old Testament Literature. Grand Rapids, MI: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Co.
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Fitzmyer, Joseph A. (1993). Romans: A New Translation with Introduction and Commentary, Anchor Yale Bible Commentary. New Haven, CT; London: Yale University Press.
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Holladay, William L. (1989). Jeremiah 2: A Commentary on the Book of the Prophet Jeremiah, Chapters 26–52, Hermeneia — A Critical and Historical Commentary on the Bible. Philadelphia, PA: Fortress Press.
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Wright, Tom (2004). Paul For Everyone: Romans Part 2, Chapters 9-16, For Everyone commentary series. London: SPCK.
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Was Junia Really an Apostle? A Re-examination of Rom 16.7. Michael H. Burer, Daniel B. Wallace (2001); New Testament Studies 47, pp. 76–91. Cambridge University Press.
This is the Burer/Wallace paper that I mentioned in the show, which presents the lexical/grammatical case for Junia being <i>well-known to</i>, rather than <i>well-known among</i>, the apostles.

ἐπίσημοι ἐν τοῖς ἀποστόλοις in Romans 16:7 as “well known to the apostles”: further defense and new evidence. Michael H. Burer (2015); Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society 58, pp731-755. Evangelical Theological Society.
Burer responds to papers by Eldon Jay Epps and Linda Belleville, and a chapter in Richard Bauckham's book Gospel Women, that rebutted his original 2001 paper, "Was Junia Really An Apostle?" (see footnote 3 in the PDF). Unfortunately, I couldn't track down free-to-view versions of any of them. If you find any of them out there, let me know!

Further Reading

Junia: The First Woman Apostle. Eldon Jay Epp (2005), Philadelphia, PA: Fortress Press.
See chapter 11 (pages 72-78) for a response specifically to the Burer/Wallace paper.

Junia Is Not Alone. Scot McKnight (2011), Patheos Press (ebook).
An inexpensive short read.


2 Samuel 23, Jeremiah 26, Jeremiah 19, Jeremiah 7, Romans 15, Romans 16, HRMNEIA24BJR, FRMOTLIT10SA2, ANCHOR66RO, EVRY66RO02